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Asphalt: asphalt is used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete

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Asphalt: asphalt is used as an abbreviation for asphalt concrete

June 22, 2023 nflg 0 Comments

The History Says

In the ancient middle-east, natural asphalt deposits were used for mortar between the bricks and stones, ship caulk, and waterproofing. In Persian, asphalt is known as “mumiya.” Some say that this may be the source for the English word “mummy.”

Types of Asphalt

There are two main types of asphalt. They are as follows:

Straight-run asphalt or asphalt cement – These are used for paving roads, airport runways, and packing lots. Since its nature is solid to semi-solid, it must first be cut with a solvent in order to bring it to a more liquid state. This process is known as Cut Back Asphalt. Highway workers mostly use straight run asphalt.

Air-blown or oxidized asphalt – It has a high softening point and is primarily used in roofing, pipe covering, and in other similar situations.

Asphalt Crusher

Asphalt crusher is the key equipment in asphalt processing plants for asphalt crushing. The asphalt jaw crusher is applied as primary crusher in the whole industrial plant. In order to gain asphalt powder for industrial usage, we can supply you asphalt ball mill , vertical roller mill, trapezium grinding mill for grinding process. The asphalt production line designed by NFLG is popular in the asphalt mining industry all over the world.

The Present Scenario

Asphalt is hard to transport. It hardens unless kept very hot. For this reason, it is sometimes mixed with diesel oil or kerosene before shipping. At delivery point, these lighter materials are separated. This mixture is often called as bitumen feedstock, or BFS.

ASPHALT, also known as Asphaltum, is the most common variety of bitumen (also called mineral pitch). It is a compact, glassy, brittle, black or brown mineral. It is highly viscous liquid or semi-solid which is present in most crude petroleums and in some of the natural deposits. It breaks with a polished fracture, melts very easily giving a strong pitchy odor when heated, and leaves no ashes when pure asphalt is burnt.

Asphalt is sometimes confused with tar, coal tar, or pitch because the appearance is similar and the substances may be used interchangeably in many industrial processes. Tar and pitch are obtained from the coal products that are chemically and physically different.

Some other names of asphalt are road tar, road binder, petroleum pitch, petroleum asphalt, mineral pitch, and seal-coating material.


Asphalt is separated from other components in crude oil like naptha, gasoline and diesel by the process called fractional distillation, generally under vacuum conditions. A better separation is achieved by further processing of the heavier fractions of the oil in de-asphalting unit. Either propane or butane is used in a supercritical phase to dissolve the lighter molecules and then separate it. Any further processing is possible only by “blowing” the product, namely reacting it with oxygen. This process make the product more hard and more viscous.

Uses of Asphalt

Asphalt is used for road paving, roofing tar, roofing felt, roll-roofing, shingles, pipe covering, waterproofing, floor tile, and many other products and processes.

Occurrences of Asphalt

The natural deposits of asphalt include the Lake Asphalts, Gilsonite, the Dead Sea in Israel, and Tar Sands. The Lake Asphalts was primarily from the Pitch Lake in Trinidad and Tobago and Bermudez Lake in Venezuela.

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