THE MINERAL INDUSTRY OF INDIANA
In 2003, the estimated value of nonfuel mineral production for Indiana was $734 million, based upon preliminary U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data. This was a marginal increase of $2 million from that of 20022 and followed a similarly small decrease of $6 million, a less than 1% decrease, from 2001 to 2002. The State, for the third consecutive year, was 18th in rank among the 50 States in total nonfuel raw mineral production value, of which Indiana accounted for nearly 2% of the U.S. total.
In 2003, increases in the estimated values of portland cement (up more than $10 million) and lime slightly more than offset decreases in the values of crushed stone (down $6 million), dimension stone (down less than $2 million), gypsum, construction sand and gravel (down $1 million), peat, and industrial sand and gravel (descending order of change), resulting in the small net increase for the year. In 2002, Indiana’s decrease in nonfuel mineral value resulted mostly from decreases in the production and values of crushed stone (down $10 million), construction sand and gravel (down $2 million), and masonry cement. Industrial sand and gravel and peat were down slightly. These were countered, in part, by the rising production and values of dimension stone (up $4.2 million), portland cement (up $2 million), and lime (up $1.5 million), and smaller increases in common clays, gypsum, and gemstones.
Compared with USGS estimates of the quantities of minerals produced in the other 49 States during 2003, Indiana remained first in dimension stone, fourth in masonry cement, and eighth in portland cement and lime. The State rose to sixth from seventh in gypsum and was a significant producer of crushed stone and construction sand and gravel, ranking 11th and 14th, respectively. The State’s mines exclusively produced industrial minerals and coal; all raw steel and primary aluminum produced in the State were processed from materials received from other domestic and foreign sources. Indiana continued to lead the Nation in the production of raw steel, with an estimated output of about 20.3 million metric tons of raw steel, as reported by the American Iron and Steel Institute (American Iron and Steel Institute, 2004, p. 76). Based upon USGS annual data, the State rose to third from fourth in the production of primary aluminum.
India Industrial Minerals
Cement.—Lone Star Industries, Inc. is now part of Buzzi Unicem USA. The company operates a plant in Putnam County. The Lehigh Portland Cement Company in Mitchell, Lawrence County, received the Portland Cement Association 2002 Innovations in Safety Award in the quarry division for developing a retractable platform that allows employees to safely clean control room windows of the primary crusher. Lehigh’s old, closed Portland Cement Company’s Buffington Station Plant in Lake County will be used, along with other lakefront property, for a large development project to include a marina, hotel, convention center, and an outdoor amphitheater.
Crushed Stone.—No new crushed stone quarries opened in Indiana during 2003. The Corydon Crushed Lime Company, Harrison County, was acquired by Sellersburg Stone Co., which operates another quarry in Clark County. No crushed stone quarries closed during 2003, but the Rogers Group, Inc. listed the Orleans Quarry in Orange County, which had not produced for more than 2 years, as abandoned with MSHA. Hanson donated 182 hectares including abandoned rock quarries and wooded areas valued at $5 million to DePauw University near Greencastle in Putnam County. It will become the DePauw University Nature Park, and rock climbing may be allowed on the quarry walls. Shatter cones from Rogers Group, Inc., Newton County Quarry, the site of an ancient meteorite impact, are on display at the Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles, CA.
During 2003, a National Stone, Sand and Gravel Association’s About Face Bronze Medallion Community Relations Award was awarded to Rogers Group, Inc.’s Bloomington Crushed Stone plant in Monroe County. Mulzer Crushed Stone, Inc.’s Newburgh sales yard in Warrick County won a Showplace Award in that competition.
Dimension Stone.—Mansfield Stone, Inc., which operates a sandstone quarry in Parke County, is reopening the St. Meinrad sandstone quarry in Spencer County. A partnership was formed with the monastery that owns the property; the company that will operate the quarry is Mansfield-St. Meinrad Stone, Inc. While the stone will be marketed worldwide, it will also be used to maintain the monastery. The company will not be allowed to blast and must remove the stone by mechanical means. Once quarried, the stone will be trucked to Brazil in Clay County, a 200-kilometer trip, for milling. Initial jobs will focus on the restoration of buildings that had been constructed with the sandstone.
Sand and Gravel.—Six new sand and gravel plants opened in 2003, and three additional operations received MSHA identification numbers, but had not started production by the end of the year. Two of the new operations in production are the Stone Street Quarries, Inc., Garrett Plant, in De Kalb County and the Old Prairie Products, Inc., Angola Plant in Steuben County. Other counties with new or planned operations include Delaware, Elkhart, Gibson, Miami, Morgan, and another plant in Steuben County.